Advanced setup

Contents:

Installing directly on Ubuntu, Debian, CentOS, or Fedora

If you’d like to install a Zulip development environment on a computer that’s running one of:

  • Ubuntu 20.04, 22.04

  • Debian 11

  • CentOS 7 (beta)

  • Fedora 33 and 34 (beta)

  • RHEL 7 (beta)

You can just run the Zulip provision script on your machine.

Note: You should not use the root user to run the installation. If you are using a remote server, see the section on creating appropriate user accounts.

Warning

There is no supported uninstallation process with this method. If you want that, use the Vagrant environment, where you can just do vagrant destroy to clean up the development environment.

Start by cloning your fork of the Zulip repository and connecting the Zulip upstream repository:

git clone --config pull.rebase git@github.com:YOURUSERNAME/zulip.git
cd zulip
git remote add -f upstream https://github.com/zulip/zulip.git
# On CentOS/RHEL/Fedora, you must first install python3
# From a clone of zulip.git
./tools/provision
source /srv/zulip-py3-venv/bin/activate
./tools/run-dev.py  # starts the development server

Once you’ve done the above setup, you can pick up the documentation on using the Zulip development environment, ignoring the parts about vagrant (since you’re not using it).

Installing directly on Windows 10 with WSL 2

Zulip’s development environment is most easily set up on Windows using the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL 2) installation method described here.

  1. Enable virtualization through your BIOS settings. This sequence depends on your specific hardware and brand, but here are some basic instructions.

  2. Install WSL 2.

  3. Launch the Ubuntu shell as an administrator and run the following command:

    sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade
    
  4. Install dependencies with the following command:

    sudo apt install rabbitmq-server memcached redis-server postgresql
    
  5. Open /etc/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-env.conf using e.g.:

    sudo nano /etc/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-env.conf
    

    Confirm the following lines are at the end of your file, and add them if not present. Then save your changes (Ctrl+O, then Enter to confirm the path), and exit nano (Ctrl+X).

    NODE_IP_ADDRESS=127.0.0.1
    NODE_PORT=5672
    
  6. Run the command below to make sure you are inside the WSL disk and not in a Windows mounted disk. You will run into permission issues if you run provision from zulip in a Windows mounted disk.

    cd ~  # or cd /home/USERNAME
    
  7. Create your fork of the Zulip server repository.

  8. Create a new SSH key for the WSL-2 Virtual Machine and add it to your GitHub account. Note that SSH keys linked to your Windows computer will not work within the virtual machine.

  9. Clone and connect to the Zulip upstream repository:

    git clone --config pull.rebase git@github.com:YOURUSERNAME/zulip.git ~/zulip
    cd zulip
    git remote add -f upstream https://github.com/zulip/zulip.git
    
  10. Run the following to install the Zulip development environment and start it. (If Windows Firewall creates popups to block services, simply click Allow Access.)

    # Start database, cache, and other services
    ./tools/wsl/start_services
    # Install/update the Zulip development environment
    ./tools/provision
    # Enter the Zulip Python environment
    source /srv/zulip-py3-venv/bin/activate
    # Start the development server
    ./tools/run-dev.py
    

    Note

    If you shut down WSL, after starting it again, you will have to manually start the services using ./tools/wsl/start_services.

  11. If you are facing problems or you see error messages after running ./tools/run-dev.py, you can try running ./tools/provision again.

  12. The Visual Studio Code Remote - WSL extension is recommended for editing files when developing with WSL. When you have it installed, you can run:

    code .
    

    to open VSCode connected to your WSL environment.

  13. You’re done! You can pick up the documentation on using the Zulip development environment, ignoring the parts about vagrant (since you’re not using it).

WSL 2 can be uninstalled by following Microsoft’s documentation

Using the Vagrant Hyper-V provider on Windows (beta)

You should have Vagrant and Hyper-V installed on your system. Ensure they both work as expected.

NOTE: Hyper-V is available only on Windows Enterprise, Pro, or Education.

  1. Start by cloning your fork of the Zulip repository and connecting the Zulip upstream repository:

    git clone --config pull.rebase git@github.com:YOURUSERNAME/zulip.git
    cd zulip
    git remote add -f upstream https://github.com/zulip/zulip.git
    
  2. You will have to open up powershell with administrator rights in order to use Hyper-V. Then provision the development environment:

    vagrant up --provider=hyperv
    

    You should get output like this:

    Bringing machine 'default' up with 'hyperv' provider...
    ==> default: Verifying Hyper-V is enabled...
    ==> default: Verifying Hyper-V is accessible...
    <other stuff>...
    ==> default: Waiting for the machine to report its IP address...
        default: Timeout: 120 seconds
        default: IP: 172.28.119.70
    ==> default: Waiting for machine to boot. This may take a few minutes...
        default: SSH address: 172.28.122.156
    ==> default: Machine booted and ready!
    ==> default: Preparing SMB shared folders...
    Vagrant requires administrator access for pruning SMB shares and
    may request access to complete removal of stale shares.
    ==> default: Starting the machine...
    <other stuff>...
     default: Username (user[@domain]): <your-machine-username>
     default: Password (will be hidden):
    

    At this point, you will be prompted for your Windows administrator username and password (not your Microsoft account credentials).

  3. SSH into your newly created virtual machine

    vagrant ssh
    

    This will ssh you into the bash shell of the Zulip development environment where you can execute bash commands.

  4. Set the EXTERNAL_HOST environment variable.

    (zulip-py3-venv) vagrant@ubuntu-18:/srv/zulip$ export EXTERNAL_HOST="$(hostname -I | xargs):9991"
    (zulip-py3-venv) vagrant@ubuntu-18:/srv/zulip$ echo $EXTERNAL_HOST
    

    The output will be like:

    172.28.122.156:9991
    

    Make sure you note down this down. This is where your zulip development web server can be accessed.

    Important

    The output of the above command changes every time you restart the Vagrant development machine. Thus, it will have to be run every time you bring one up. This quirk is one reason this method is marked experimental.

  5. You should now be able to start the Zulip development server.

    (zulip-py3-venv) vagrant@ubuntu-18:/srv/zulip$ ./tools/run-dev.py
    

    The output will look like:

    Starting Zulip on:
    
         http://172.30.24.235:9991/
    
    Internal ports:
       9991: Development server proxy (connect here)
       9992: Django
       9993: Tornado
       9994: webpack
    

    Visit the indicated URL in your web browser.

  6. You can stop the development environment using vagrant halt, and restart it using vagrant up and then going through steps 3 and 4 again.

Problems you may encounter

  1. If you get the error Hyper-V could not initialize memory, this is likely because your system has insufficient free memory to start the virtual machine. You can generally work around this error by closing all other running programs and running vagrant up --provider=hyperv again. You can reopen the other programs after the provisioning is completed. If it still isn’t enough, try restarting your system and running the command again.

  2. Be patient the first time you run ./tools/run-dev.py.

As with other installation methods, please visit #provision help in the Zulip development community server if you need help.

Newer versions of supported platforms

You can use our provisioning tool to set up the Zulip development environment on current versions of these platforms reliably and easily, so we no longer maintain manual installation instructions for these platforms.

If tools/provision doesn’t yet support a newer release of Debian or Ubuntu that you’re using, we’d love to add support for it. It’s likely only a few lines of changes to tools/lib/provision.py and scripts/lib/setup-apt-repo if you’d like to do it yourself and submit a pull request, or you can ask for help in #development help in the Zulip development community, and a core team member can help guide you through adding support for the platform.