Directory structure

This page documents the Zulip directory structure, where to find things, and how to decide where to put a file.

You may also find the new application feature tutorial helpful for understanding the flow through these files.

Core Python files

Zulip uses the Django web framework, so a lot of these paths will be familiar to Django developers.


HTML Templates

See our translating docs for details on Zulip's templating systems.

  • templates/zerver/ For Jinja2 templates for the backend (for zerver app).
  • static/templates/ Handlebars templates for the frontend.

JavaScript and other static assets

  • static/js/ Zulip's own JavaScript.
  • static/styles/ Zulip's own CSS.
  • static/images/ Zulip's images.
  • static/third/ Third-party JavaScript and CSS that has been vendored.
  • node_modules/ Third-party JavaScript installed via npm.
  • static/assets/ For assets not to be served to the web (e.g. the system to generate our favicons).

Tests

  • zerver/tests/ Backend tests.
  • frontend_tests/node_tests/ Node Frontend unit tests.
  • frontend_tests/casper_tests/ Casper frontend tests.
  • tools/test-* Developer-facing test runner scripts.

Management commands

These are distinguished from scripts, below, by needing to run a Django context (i.e. with database access).

  • zerver/management/commands/ Management commands one might run at a production deployment site (e.g. scripts to change a value or deactivate a user properly).

Scripts

  • scripts/ Scripts that production deployments might run manually (e.g., restart-server).
  • scripts/lib/ Scripts that are needed on production deployments but humans should never run directly.
  • scripts/setup/ Scripts that production deployments will only run once, during installation.
  • tools/ Scripts used only in a Zulip development environment. These are not included in production release tarballs for Zulip, so that we can include scripts here one wouldn't want someone to run in production accidentally (e.g. things that delete the Zulip database without prompting).
  • tools/setup/ Subdirectory of tools/ for things only used during the development environment setup process.
  • tools/travis/ Subdirectory of tools/ for things only used to setup and run our tests in Travis CI. Actual test suites should go in tools/.

API and Bots

  • api/ Zulip's Python API bindings (released separately).
  • api/examples/ API examples.
  • api/integrations/ Integrations distributed as part of the Zulip API bundle.
  • api/bots/ Bots distributed as part of the Zulip API bundle.
  • api/bots_api/ Framework for running and testing bots in api/bots/.

Production puppet configuration

This is used to deploy essentially all configuration in production.

  • puppet/zulip/ For configuration for production deployments.
  • puppet/zulip/manifests/voyager.pp Main manifest for Zulip standalone deployments.

Additional Django apps

  • confirmation Email confirmation system.
  • analytics Analytics for the Zulip server administrator (needs work to be useful to normal Zulip sites).
  • corporate The old Zulip.com website. Not included in production distribution.
  • zilencer Primarily used to hold management commands that aren't used in production. Not included in production distribution.

Jinja2 Compatibility Files

  • zproject/jinja2/__init__.py Jinja2 environment.
  • zproject/jinja2/backends.py Jinja2 backend.
  • zproject/jinja2/compressors.py Jinja2 compatible functions of Django-Pipeline.

Translation files

  • locale/ Backend (Django) translations data files.
  • static/locale/ Frontend translations data files.

Documentation

  • docs/ Source for this documentation.

You can consult the repository's .gitattributes file to see exactly which components are excluded from production releases (release tarballs are generated using tools/build-release-tarball).